Bloodborne Pathogens are infectious microorganisms in the human blood with the ability to cause a disease in humans. Pathogens may include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Needles, sticks, and other sharp related injuries can expose employees to bloodborne pathogens. Workers in different occupations, for example first responders, housekeeping personnel in some industries, nurses and other healthcare personnel, may all be risking exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
Bloodborne pathogens can be controlled if exposed employer implements a exposure control plan for the worksite with detailed protection measures for employee. Also the plan must describe how employer engineering use, on personal protective clothing, equipment, work practice controls, employee training, medical surveillance, vaccinations, and other provisions required by OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens standard. The primary means of Engineering controls are minimizing or eliminating employee exposure by including safer medical devices, such as needleless devices, shielded needle devices, and plastic capillary tubes.